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Late night London. On a budget. Top Shows. Book Of Mormon. Lion King. Phantom Of The Opera. Thriller - Live. Les Miserables. Motown The Musical. Mamma Mia. Kinky Boots. Fish and chips. Michelin stars. Achi Avelino born 4 June , better known mononymously by his stage name Avelino , is an English rapper and singer of Congolese descent from Tottenham , London, known for his "unique tone" and "deep wordplay".
Avelino rose to prominence in following the release of his second mixtape, Iconic Ambition , which was featured on DJ Semtex 's Mixtape Top 5 on BBC Radio 1Xtra ,  he went on to support Stormzy on tour throughout , having previously collaborated on the mixtape track "No Comment". Throughout , Avelino was championed by fellow Tottenham MC Wretch 32 ;  the two rappers released a joint mixtape, entitled Young Fire, Old Flame , on 18 December , to positive reception. At the time of writing, Energy's official music video has racked up over 1.
It was produced in its entirety by Raf Riley , released for free download through OddChild Music , on 7 April ; the project was released onto the iTunes Store on 11 April , accompanied by two bonus tracks. It spawned one single; the project has received considerable support from 1Xtra. Avelino told FACT that the video was "minimal in a sense of one location, one setting, one room", as this allows listeners to "focus on what saying on the record.
British hip hop British hip hop is a genre of music, a culture that covers a variety of styles of hip hop music made in the United Kingdom.
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It is classified as one of a number of styles of urban music. UK rap has been influenced by US hip-hop. In , The Times described British hip hop's broad-ranging approach As in the US, British hip hop emerged as a scene from graffiti and breakdancing , through to DJing and rapping live at parties and club nights, with its supporters predominantly listening to and influenced by American hip hop.
Unlike in the US, the British hip hop scene was cross-racial from the beginning, as various ethnic groups in Britain tend not to live in segregated areas in areas with a high percentage of non-white individuals; such places allow youth including musical genres such as hip hop.
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Cross pollination through migrating West Indians helped develop a community interested in the music; the integration of sound systems represent a distinct British Caribbean influence. Sound systems allowed for powerful syncopated bass runs and the ability to bring this sound to different venues creating a club culture. There were, British tunes starting to appear. Knowledge was England's first documented rapper; the first British hip hop tune released on record was "Christmas Rapping" by Dizzy Heights and not " London Bridge " by Newtrament.
There were earlier pop records which dabbled with rap — such as Adam and the Ants ' " Ant Rap " and Wham! Punk band The Clash had earlier dabbled with rap on their album Sandinista! Releases were still few and far between, the scene remained predominantly underground. Although record labels began to take note of the underground scene throughout the s and s, radio play and publicity were still a difficulty in helping the fledgling scene to grow, the scene only managed to survive through word of mouth and the patronage of pirate radio stations around the country.
British hip hop in the s was not just confined to music and break-dancing, but involved the spread of New York City-style graffiti — another integral element of American Hip Hop culture — to London and other UK inner-city areas, both on walls and trains; the most direct influence was, however, on graffiti painted in London Underground trains. Teenagers from inner London and other European cities who were into Electro-Hip Hop and had family and other links to New York City had by the mids taken up some of the traditions of subway Graffiti and exported them home, although legendary New York writers like Brim and Futura had themselves played a significant role in establishing such links when they visited London in the early-to-mids and'put up pieces' on or near the west London end of the Metropolitan Line.
These small groups of London'train writers' adopted many of the styles and lifestyles of their New York City forebears, painting Graffiti train pieces and in general'bombing' the system, but favoring only a few selected underground lines seen as most suitable for train Graffiti. Although on a smaller scale than what had existed in New York City, Graffiti on London Underground trains became seen as enough of a problem by the mids to provoke the British Transport Police to establis.
It is 5. Tottenham is believed to have been named after Tota, a farmer, whose hamlet was mentioned in the Domesday Book. The settlement was recorded in the Domesday Book as Toteham, it is not related to Tottenham Court Road in Central London , though the two names share a similar-sounding root. There has been a settlement at Tottenham for over a thousand years, it grew up along the old Roman road, Ermine Street , between High Cross and Tottenham Hale , the present Monument Way. When the Domesday Book was compiled in , about 70 families lived within the area of the manor labourers working for the Lord of the Manor.
A humorous poem entitled the Tournament of Tottenham, written around , describes a mock-battle between peasants vying for the reeve's daughter. In , Tottenham was made an urban district and on 27 September it became a municipal borough. The River Lea was the eastern boundary between the Municipal Boroughs of Walthamstow , it is the ancient boundary between Middlesex and Essex and formed the western boundary of the Viking controlled Danelaw.
Today it is the boundary between the London Boroughs of Waltham Forest. A major tributary of the Lea, the River Moselle crosses the borough from west to east, caused serious flooding until it was covered in the 19th century. From the Tudor period onwards, Tottenham became a popular recreation and leisure destination for wealthy Londoners. A rural Tottenham featured in Izaak Walton's book The Compleat Angler , published in ; the area became noted for its large Quaker population and its schools Tottenham remained a semi-rural and upper middle class area until the s.
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In late , the Great Eastern Railway introduced special workman's trains and fares on its newly opened Enfield and Walthamstow branch lines. Tottenham's low-lying fields and market gardens were rapidly transformed into cheap housing for the lower middle and working classes, who were able to commute cheaply to inner London. The workman's fare policy stimulated the early development of the area into a London suburb.
An incident occurred on 23 January , at the time known as the Tottenham Outrage. Two armed robbers of Russian extraction held up the wages clerk of a rubber works in Chesnut Road, they fled across the Lea. On the opposite bank of the river they hijacked a Walthamstow Corporation tramcar, hotly pursued by the police on another tram ; the hijacked tram was stopped but the robbers continued their flight on foot.
After firing their weapons and killing two people, Ralph Joscelyne, aged 10, PC William Tyler , they were cornered by the police and shot themselves rather than be captured. Fourteen other people were wounded during the chase; the incident became the subject of a silent film. Bombs fell in the borough during the first air raid on London on 24 August The borough received V-1 and V-2 hits, the last of which occurred on 15 March Wartime shortages led to the creation of Tottenham Pudding, a mixture of household waste food, converted into feeding stuffs for pigs and poultry ; the "pudding" was named by Queen Mary on a visit to Tottenham Refuse Works.
Production continued into the post-war period, its demise coinciding with the merging of the borough into the new London Borough of Haringey ; the Broadwater Farm riot occurred around the Broadwater Farm Estate on 6 October following the death of Cynthia Jarrett. Jarrett was a resident of Tottenham who lived about a mile from the estate, who died of heart failure during a police search of her home; the tension between local black youths and the white Metropolitan Police had been high due to a combination of local issues and the aftermath of riots in Brixton which had occurred in the previous week.
The response of some of the black community in Tottenham and surrounding areas culminated in a riot beginning on Tottenham High Road and ending in Broadwater Farm Estate. One police officer, Keith Blakelock , was murdered. Two of the policemen were injured by gunshots during the riot, the first time that firearms had been used in that type of confrontation; the Tottenham riots were a series of riots precipitated by the fatal shooting of Mark Duggan , a year-old man in Tottenham, by officers of the Metropolitan Police Service on 4 August Attacks were carried out on two police cars, a bus, a Post Office and several local shops from pm onwards on 6 August Riot police vans attended the scene of disturbances on Tottenham High Road.
In the evening the riot spread, with an Aldi supermarket and a branch of Allied Carpets destroyed by fire, widespread looting in nearby Wood Green shopping centre and the retail park at Tottenham Hale. Several flats above shops on Tottenham High Road collapsed due to the fires. Rapping Rapping is a musical form of vocal delivery that incorporates "rhyme, rhythmic speech, street vernacular ", performed or chanted in a variety of ways over a backing beat or musical accompaniment. The components of rap include "content", "flow", "delivery".
Rap differs from spoken-word poetry in that rap is performed in time to an instrumental track. Rap is associated with, is a primary ingredient of hip-hop music, but the origins of the phenomenon predate hip-hop culture; the earliest precursor to the modern rap is the West African griot tradition, in which "oral historians", or "praise-singers", would disseminate oral traditions and genealogies, or use their formidable rhetorical techniques for gossip or to "praise or critique individuals.
Therefore, rap lyrics and music are part of the "Black rhetorical continuum", aim to reuse elements of past traditions while expanding upon them through "creative use of language and rhetorical styles and strategies. The person credited with originating the style of "delivering rhymes over extensive music", that would become known as rap, was Anthony " DJ Hollywood " Holloway from Harlem, New York. Rap is delivered over a beat provided by a DJ, beatboxer , or performed a cappella without accompaniment. Stylistically, rap occupies a gray area between speech, prose and singing; the word, which predates the musical form meant "to strike", is now used to describe quick speech or repartee.
The word had been used in British English since the 16th century, it was part of the African American dialect of English in the s meaning "to converse", soon after that in its present usage as a term denoting the musical style. Today, the term rap is so associated with hip-hop music that many writers use the terms interchangeably. The English verb rap has various meanings, these include "to strike with a quick, smart, or light blow", as well "to utter or vigorously: to rap out a command". The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary gives a date of for the first recorded use of the word with the meaning "to utter vigorously, or suddenly".
Wentworth and Flexner's Dictionary of American Slang gives the meaning "to speak to, recognize, or acknowledge acquaintance with someone", dated , a meaning of "to converse, esp. It is these meanings from which the musical form of rapping derives, this definition may be from a shortening of repartee. A rapper refers to a performer who "raps". By the late s, when Hubert G. Brown changed his name to H. Rap Brown , rap was a slang term referring to an oration or speech, such as was common among the "hip" crowd in the protest movements, but it did not come to be associated with a musical style for another decade.
Hayes' "husky-voiced sexy spoken'raps' became key components in his signature sound". Del the Funky Homosapien states that rap was used to refer to talking in a stylistic manner in the early s: "I was born in' That's what rapping is, it's in the way you talk. Centuries before hip-hop music existed, the griots of West Africa were delivering stories rhythmically, over drums and sparse instrumentation; such connections have been acknowledged by many modern artists, modern day "griots", spoken word artists, mainstream news sources, academics.
Blues music, rooted in the work songs and spirituals of slavery and influenced by West African musical traditions, was first played by blacks, by some whites, in the Mississippi Delta region of the United States around the time of the Emancipation Proclamation. Wald went so far as to call hip hop "the living blues. Jazz , which developed from the blues and other African-American and European musical traditions and originated around the beginning of the 20th century, has influenced hip hop and has been cited as a precursor of hip hop.
Not just jazz music and lyrics but jazz poetry. According to John Sobol, the jazz musician and poet who wrote Digitopia Blues, rap "bears a striking resemblance to the evolution of jazz both stylistically and formally".
Boxer Muhammad Ali anticipated elements of rap using rhyme schemes and spoken word poetry, both for when he was trash talking in boxing and as political poetry for his activism outside of boxing, paving the way for The Last Poets in , Gil Scott-Heron in , the emergence of rap music in the s. One such tradition is the patter song exemplified by Gilbert and Sullivan but that has origins in earlier Italian opera. It showcases new music from a variety of genres; the festival was founded in and hosts bands across 30 venues throughout the city.
It has been likened to South by Southwest. There is a music industry convention section to the event, attended by over delegates; the conferences have been programmed by the team from music industry publication CMU. In addition to the main festival, there is The Alternative Escape, a further strand of'unofficial' shows. MusicBrainz MusicBrainz is a project that aims to create an open data music database, similar to the freedb project. MusicBrainz was founded in response to the restrictions placed on the Compact Disc Database, a database for software applications to look up audio CD information on the Internet.