Open command prompt on mac os

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I'm going to move to the Music folder, then check my location. Type these commands, and press enter after each one. First, I moved to the Music folder. The terminal will understand a directory regardless of case, so I can write music or Music. I printed out my current location to make sure, then listed the contents. That's great, but I don't really want to do anything in the Music folder. How do I go back? In the terminal, one dot. By typing cd..

Access the Command Prompt or Terminal

Right now would be a good time to practice moving between directories. If you try to move into a directory that has a space, you may encounter an issue. For example, in my Music folder, there was a directory called Audio Music Apps. However, if I try to simply type that.. The shell thinks I'm trying to move into Audio instead of Audio Music Apps because it does not recognize the space.


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There are two ways to remedy this. If you press tab, the Terminal will do this for you! Simply type cd A and press tab and the shell will automatically assume what you want to type. Let's create a folder for practicing named Shell with the mkdir Make Directory command.

Congratulations, you created a directory! If I type ls , I'll see my newly created directory in the home folder. I can also see this through Finder. Now you can move into the Shell directory by inputting cd shell. Now let's make a file. You can do this with the touch command. I imagine it as Merlin tapping a wand and creating something out of thin air.

I'm not very unique with my example names, so I just called it test.

When you input this code, it won't output anything to signify that the command was successful. You can ls to see it, or check in Finder that you have created a valid. You can create any sort of file, but it likely only makes sense to create text based files through terminal. We used touch to create an empty file, but we can even create a file on the fly with some content using echo.

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How to use Terminal on Mac: Basic commands and functions

Now I have a plain text file called hello. I can check this by opening it from Finder, but I can also see the contents through Terminal with the cat command. At this point, I would recommend creating some more files and directories and moving between them to get more familiarized with the commands. These commands - touch , cat , and echo - can do much more than what I've shown in these quick examples.

Now hopefully you've make a big mess of files and directories in your testing folder, so we can start cleaning it up. Use the rm Remove command to remove a file. I can choose to delete all the files of a certain filetype with a wildcard. For example, if I saved many. Now, let's say you create a new directory called goodbye with mkdir goodbye , and you try to delete it with rm goodbye. You'll get this error. No problem, we'll just delete it with rmdir Remove Directory.

And now it's gone. If you want to remove a folder that has files in it, you'll have to run a slightly different command. Just like with touch , we can remove multiple files or folders at the same time. We can also copy and paste files through the command line with the cp Copy command. Simply type cp followed by the source file you want to copy and destination place you want to copy it to. I'm in my Shell folder. Let's say I make a new directory called websites with mkdir websites. Now I can copy my test.


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To copy an entire directory, use the -R option. I can copy the websites directory and all of it's contents to a new directory. You can move files just as you copy them with the mv Move command. As long as the first command is successful, the subsequent one will run. File permissions aren't often taken into consideration when you're a casual Windows or Mac user, but if you've ever worked on a web server you likely have experience with permissions.

You can change permissions with the chmod Change Mode command. I've given read and write by owner permissions to test. The term sudo stands for Super User Do. You might encounter a situation in which the current user you're logged in as does not have sufficient permissions to perform a task. You can precede a command with sudo to run the command as administrator, as long as you have the admin password.

When you type the password, it will not show any asterisks to indicate that you've typed anything. You can also switch to the administrator user. This is not something you should do often, but it's useful to know. At times you will need to be logged in as admin to move between restricted directories. Since I don't really want to be logged in as admin, I'm going to exit , which will return me to my regular user account.

So I ran kickstart with the —help parameter, and a nice and long man page comes up… In this case, I decided to stop and deactivate Remote Desktop for subsequent reboots by using the following command: […]. I am a huge fan from my very start in OS X. And It makes my day. But it is also very handy to just simply open whatever document with the asociated application:.

The macOS open Command

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